Congressional Research Service:U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel

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Congressional Research Service:U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel

Postprzez Jerzy Ulicki-Rek » Cz paź 24, 2013 12:46 pm

U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel
Jeremy M. Sharp
Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs
April 11, 2013
Congressional Research Service
7-5700
http://www.crs.gov
RL33222

Contents
Overview .......................................................................................................................................... 1
Sequestration and U.S. Aid to Israel for FY2013 ............................................................................ 2
Qualitative Military Edge (QME) .................................................................................................... 3
U.S. Bilateral Military Aid to Israel ................................................................................................. 4
The 10-Year Military Aid Agreement ........................................................................................ 4
Foreign Military Financing (FMF) and Arms Sales .................................................................. 5
Early Transfer ...................................................................................................................... 5
FMF for in-Country Purchase ............................................................................................. 5
F-35 Joint Strike Fighter...................................................................................................... 6
Excess Defense Articles ............................................................................................................ 7
Defense Budget Appropriations for U.S.-Israeli Missile Defense Programs ................................... 7
Multi-Tiered Missile and Rocket Defense ................................................................................. 8
Iron Dome ........................................................................................................................... 8
David’s Sling ..................................................................................................................... 10
The Arrow and Arrow II .................................................................................................... 11
High Altitude Missile Defense System (Arrow III) .......................................................... 12
X-Band Radar .................................................................................................................... 12
Emergency U.S. Stockpile in Israel ............................................................................................... 13
Aid Restrictions and Possible Violations ....................................................................................... 14
Israeli Arms Transfers to Third Parties .................................................................................... 14
Other Ongoing Assistance and Cooperative Programs .................................................................. 16
Migration & Refugee Assistance ............................................................................................. 16
Loan Guarantees ...................................................................................................................... 17
Overview ........................................................................................................................... 17
Loan Guarantees for Economic Recovery......................................................................... 17
American Schools and Hospitals Abroad Program (ASHA) ................................................... 19
U.S.-Israeli Scientific & Business Cooperation ...................................................................... 20
U.S.-Israeli Energy Cooperation ....................................................................................... 21

Tables
Table 1. U.S. Contributions to the Arrow Program (Arrow, Arrow II, and Arrow III) .................. 11
Table 2. Defense Budget Appropriations for U.S.-Israeli Missile Defense: FY2006-
FY2014 Request ......................................................................................................................... 13
Table 3. Migration and Refugee Assistance Funding Levels ......................................................... 16
Table 4. U.S. Loan Guarantees to Israel: FY2003-FY2013 ........................................................... 19
Table 5. ASHA Program Grants from Israel Account, FY2000-FY2012 ...................................... 20
Table B-1. Recent U.S. Bilateral Aid to Israel ............................................................................... 26
Table B-2. U.S. Assistance to Israel, FY1949-FY1996 ................................................................. 27
Table B-3. U.S. Assistance to Israel, FY1949-FY1996 ..........



PLEASE READ :

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf



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