jewish encyclopedia.com

Dariusz Kosiur, Husarz i Jasiek z Toronto zrobia wszystko aby przekonac swoich studentow,ze istniejacy system finansowy oparty jest na lichwie i przynosi krociowe zyski waskiej grupie a zniewolenie reszcie spoleczenstwa.

jewish encyclopedia.com

Postprzez Pamela » N sie 15, 2010 8:59 am

SCHNORRER:

Judæo-German term of reproach for a Jewish beggar having some pretensions to respectability. In contrast to the ordinary house-to-house beggar, whose business is known and easily recognized, the schnorrer assumes a gentlemanly appearance, disguises his purpose, gives evasive reasons for asking assistance, and is not satisfied with small favors, being indeed quite indignant when such are offered. He usually travels from city to city and even into foreign countries; but he must not be confounded with the tramp, whose counterpart is not to be found in Jewish beggary. The schnorrer class includes the Jew who collects a fund to provide a dowry for his daughter or for an orphan relative about to be married, which fund is called "haknasat, kallah"; also the one who asks for means to rehabilitate himself after his house or chattels have been burned in a general conflagration, in which case he is known as a "nisraf." The author who considers that the world owes him a living for his "great work" for "enlightening mankind" and who presses the acceptance of his book on the unappreciative rich in consideration of whatever sums they may be willing to contribute, is characterized as a literary schnorrer.

The schnorrer period began with the Chmielnicki massacres in Poland (1648-57), when thousands of Jews fled to Germany. In the eighteenth century schnorrers flourished principally in Germany, Holland, and Italy, and came from Poland (mainly from Lithuania), and also from Palestine, one from the latter country being known as a "Yerushalmi." In later times impudence and presumption were characteristics of the schnorrer. This was more especially the case with those who laid claim to a rabbinical education and who regarded themselves as privileged persons, giving the impression, with an assumption of condescension, that they were doing a favor in rendering an opportunity to their rich neighbors to perform a worthy deed by making a contribution. This trait has been graphically delineated in Zangwill's "The King of Schnorrers." The equivalent Hebrew term of the Maḥzor, "melek ebyon," has been adopted in the Yiddish vernacular to denote a person of extreme poverty and shabby gentility. See Begging and Beggars.

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Pamela
 
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Dołączył(a): Wt mar 04, 2008 9:40 pm

Re: jewish encyclopedia.com

Postprzez Pamela » N sie 15, 2010 9:06 am

SCHLEMIHL:
Popular Yiddish term for an unfortunate person. It occurs also in the form Schlimmilius ("Jüdische Volksbibliothek," vii. 80). According to Heine ("Jehuda-ben-Halevy"), it is derived from the Bible name "Shelumiel," owing to the fact that the person transfixed by the spear of Phinehas for incontinence with the Moabite woman (Num. xxv. 6) was so killed by mistake. Others derive the term from a corruption of the expression "schlimm mazzal" (unlucky star).

Many of the most popular anecdotes of the ghetto relate to the experiences of persons who, through no fault of their own, are pursued by misfortune to the end, and endure it without murmuring. They resemble in Jewish folk-tales the Gothamites or "Schildbürgers" of English and German folk-lore. Chamisso used the term as the name of the hero of his popular story, "Peter Schlemihl," but without much reference to its Jewish meaning. He may have heard the term through Itzig, the Berlin banker, to whom Heine was indebted for his interpretation of the word.

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Pamela
 
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Dołączył(a): Wt mar 04, 2008 9:40 pm

Re: jewish encyclopedia.com

Postprzez Jerzy Ulicki-Rek » N sie 15, 2010 11:08 am

Pamela.
Doskonale.
Wiedzy konkretnej nigd nie za duzo.
Od siebie moge dodac ,ze polska wersja brzmiala "szemel" i byla dosc popularnym nazwiskiem w Szczecinie np.
W latach 60-tych takie nazwisko nosil m.in. doskonaly wtedy plywak i waterpolista szczecinskiej "Arkonii" -Leszek Szemel ,ktory po zakonczeniu kariery sportowej pracowal w milicji.
Jerzy
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Jerzy Ulicki-Rek
 
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Dołączył(a): Wt lis 06, 2007 2:10 pm


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